Detection of potential green open space area using landsat 8 satellite imagery

Main Article Content

Respati Wikantiyoso
Aditya Galih Sulaksono
Tonny Suhartono


Green city development policies have an essential role in improving the ecological functions of a municipality. According to Law 26/2007 on spatial planning, it contains provinsions for green open space which oblige the government to set aside 30% of the city as green open space. However, the main obstacle in providing green open space remains the limited availability of urban land. Therefore, efforts are needed to detect urban land that is available for use as green open space. The purpose of this study is to determine the initial description of the availability of green open space in Malang City. This study uses an integrated method of calculating the Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) with land cover classification. NDVI analysis reveals the distribution value of vegetation density in Malang City. Based on NDVI analysis results, green open space requires medium and high density vegetation. In Malang City, only 2946.56 ha, or 26.60% of the city, meets these requirements. The availability of green open space in Malang City therefore does not meet minimum green open space requirements. This study's results suggest the need for additional policies aimed at providing green open space for Malang City.


Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

How to Cite
Wikantiyoso, Respati, Aditya Galih Sulaksono, and Tonny Suhartono. 2021. “Detection of Potential Green Open Space Area Using Landsat 8 Satellite Imagery”. ARTEKS : Jurnal Teknik Arsitektur 6 (1), 149-54.
Author Biographies

Respati Wikantiyoso, Department of Architecture, University of Merdeka Malang

Professor of Architecture

Aditya Galih Sulaksono, Department of Information Systems, University of Merdeka Malang

Department of Information Systems, University of Merdeka Malang

Tonny Suhartono, Department of Architecture, University of Merdeka Malang

Department of Architecture, University of Merdeka Malang


Aguilera Benavente, Francisco, Víctor Manuel Rodríguez Espinosa, and Montserrat Gómez Delgado. 2018. ‘Definición de Infraestructuras Verdes: Una Propuesta Metodológica Integrada Mediante Análisis Espacial’. Documents d’Anàlisi Geogràfica 64 (2): 313.
Febrianti, Nur, and Parwati Sofan. 2014. ‘Ruang Terbuka Hijau Di Dki Jakarta Berdasarkan Analisis Spasial Dan Spektral Data Landsat 8’. Deteksi Parameter Geobiofisik Dan Diseminasi Penginderaan Jauh , Seminar Nasional Penginderaan Jauh, no. April: 498–504.
Feltynowski, Marcin, Jakub Kronenberg, Tomasz Bergier, Nadja Kabisch, Edyta Łaszkiewicz, and Michael W. Strohbach. 2018. ‘Challenges of Urban Green Space Management in the Face of Using Inadequate Data’. Urban Forestry & Urban Greening 31 (April): 56–66.
Ives, Christopher D., Cathy Oke, Benjamin Cooke, Ascelin Gordon, and Sarah Bekessy. 2014. ‘Planning for Green Open Space in Urbanising Landscapes’. Australia.
Juwito, Juwito, Respati Wikantiyoso, and Pindo Tutuko. 2019. ‘Kajian Persentase Ruang Terbuka Hijau Pada Implementasi Revitalisasi Taman Kota Malang’. Local Wisdom : Jurnal Ilmiah Kajian Kearifan Lokal 11 (1).
Kothencz, Gyula, Ronald Kolcsár, Pablo Cabrera-Barona, and Péter Szilassi. 2017. ‘Urban Green Space Perception and Its Contribution to Well-Being’. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 14 (7): 766.
Lai, Hakkan, Emily J Flies, Philip Weinstein, and Alistair Woodward. 2019. ‘The Impact of Green Space and Biodiversity on Health’. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 17 (7): 383–90.
Lausch, Angela, Olaf Bastian, Stefan Klotz, Pedro J. Leitão, András Jung, Duccio Rocchini, Michael E. Schaepman, Andrew K. Skidmore, Lutz Tischendorf, and Sonja Knapp. 2018. ‘Understanding and Assessing Vegetation Health by in Situ Species and Remote‐sensing Approaches’. Edited by Petteri Vihervaara. Methods in Ecology and Evolution 9 (8): 1799–1809.
Li, Zhiming, Zhengxi Fan, and Shiguang Shen. 2018. ‘Urban Green Space Suitability Evaluation Based on the AHP-CV Combined Weight Method: A Case Study of Fuping County, China’. Sustainability 10 (8): 2656.
López, Erna, Gerardo Bocco, Manuel Mendoza, and Emilio Duhau. 2001. ‘Predicting Land-Cover and Land-Use Change in the Urban Fringe’. Landscape and Urban Planning 55 (4): 271–85.
Lufilah, Siti Novianti, Afra DN Makalew, and Bambang Sulistyantara. 2017. ‘Pemanfaatan Citra Landsat 8 Untuk Analisis Indeks Vegetasi Di DKI Jakarta’. Jurnal Lanskap Indonesia, 73–80.
Mears, Meghann, and Paul Brindley. 2019. ‘Measuring Urban Greenspace Distribution Equity: The Importance of Appropriate Methodological Approaches’. ISPRS International Journal of Geo-Information 8 (6): 286.
Mohamed, Asfaw, Hailu Worku, and Mengistie Kindu. 2019. ‘Quantification and Mapping of the Spatial Landscape Pattern and Its Planning and Management Implications a Case Study in Addis Ababa and the Surrounding Area, Ethiopia’. Geology, Ecology, and Landscapes, December, 1–12.
Pannell, David J., and Anna M. Roberts. 2009. ‘Conducting and Delivering Integrated Research to Influence Land-Use Policy: Salinity Policy in Australia’. Environmental Science & Policy 12 (8): 1088–98.
Purwanto, Ajun. 2015. ‘Pemanfaatan Citra Landsat 8 Untuk Identifikasi Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) Di Kecamatan Silat Hilir Kabupaten Kapuas Hulu’. EDUKASI: Jurnal Pendidikan (e-Journal) 13 (1): 27–36.
Purwanto, Anang Dwi, Wikanti Asriningrum, Gathot Winarso, and Ety Parwati. 2014. ‘Analisis Sebaran Dan Kerapatan Mangrove Menggunakan Citra Landsat 8 Di Segara Anakan, Cilacap’. In Seminar Nasional Penginderaan Jauh 2014: Pengolahan Data Dan Pengenalan Pola, 232–41.
Rafiee, Reza, Abdolrassoul Salman Mahiny, and Nematolah Khorasani. 2009. ‘Assessment of Changes in Urban Green Spaces of Mashad City Using Satellite Data’. International Journal of Applied Earth Observation and Geoinformation 11 (6): 431–38.
Respati, Wikantiyoso, Suhartono Tonny, Sulaksono Aditya Galih, and Wikananda Triska Prakasa. 2020. ‘Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) Model in Improving the Quality of Green Open Space (GOS) to Create a Livable City’. In Corporate Social Responsibility [Working Title]. IntechOpen.
Ridwan, Martin, and Evi Muharoroh. 2017. ‘Pemanfaatan Penginderaan Jauh Dalam Perhitungan Luas Ruang Terbuka Hijau (RTH): Studi Kasus Kota Bekasi’. In Indonesian Science Student Conference 2017, 16–21. Yogyakarta.
Sulma, Sayidah, Jalu Tejo Nugroho, Any Zubaidah, Hana Listi Fitriana, and Nanik Suryo Haryani. 2017. ‘Detection of Green Open Space Using Combination Index of Landsat 8 Data (Case Study: Dki Jakarta)’. International Journal of Remote Sensing and Earth Sciences (IJReSES) 13 (1): 1.
Wikantiyoso, R, T Suhartono, and A G Sulaksono. 2020. ‘Controlling Efforts of Green Open Space Provision in East Malang Residential Areas Development, Indonesia’. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science 562 (September): 012015.
Wikantiyoso, Respati, Pindo Tutuko, Tonny Suhartono, Aditya Galih Sulaksono, and Adisti Safrilia. 2020. ‘Green City MIS as a Sustainable Urban GOS Provision Control Implementation Model’. International Review for Spatial Planning and Sustainable Development 8 (1): 160–72.
Xu, Dandan. 2014. ‘Compare NDVI Extracted from Landsat 8 Imagery with That from Landsat 7 Imagery’. American Journal of Remote Sensing 2 (2): 10.
Yunhao, Chen, Shi Peijun, Li Xiaobing, Chen Jin, and Li Jing. 2006. ‘A Combined Approach for Estimating Vegetation Cover in Urban/Suburban Environments from Remotely Sensed Data’. Computers & Geosciences 32 (9): 1299–1309.
Zaitunah, A, Samsuri, A G Ahmad, and R A Safitri. 2018. ‘Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (Ndvi) Analysis for Land Cover Types Using Landsat 8 Oli in Besitang Watershed, Indonesia’. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science 126 (March): 012112.