BUNUK: PENGETAHUAN DAN PRAKTEK ATONI-METO DALAM TATA KELOLA HUTAN

  • Yohanes Victor Lasi Usbobo Program Studi Ilmu Filsafat, Fakultas Filsafat, Universitas Katolik Widya Mandira
Keywords: Bunuk, knowledge and practice, forest management and indigenous people and Atoni Meto

Abstract

The implementation of todays forest management that based on formal-scientific knowledge and technical knowledge seems to fail to protect the forest from deforestation and the environmental damage. Decolonialisation of western knowledge could give an opportunity to identify and find the knowledge and practices of indigenous people in sustainable forest management. Forest management based on the indigenous knowledge and practices is believed easy to be accepted by the indigenous community due to the knowledge and practice is known and ‘lived’ by them. The Atoni Pah Meto from West Timor has their own customary law in forest management that is knows as Bunuk. In the installation of Bunuk, there is a concencus among the community members to protect and preserve the forest through the vow to the supreme one, the ruler of the earth and the ancestors, thus, bunuk is becoming a le’u (sacred). Thus, the Atoni Meto will not break the bunuk due to the secredness. Adapting the bunuk to the modern forest management in the Atoni Meto areas could be one of the best options in protecting and preserving the forest.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Agrawal, A 1995, 'Dismantling the divide between indigenous and scientific knowledge', Development and Change, vol. 26, no. 3, pp. 413-39.

Barri, MF, Setiawan, AA, Oktaviani, AR, Prayoga, AP & Ichsan, AC 2018, Deforestasi tanpa henti: Potret deforestasi di Sumatera Utara, Kalimantan Timur dan Maluku Utara, Forest Watch Indonesia, Bogor.

Briggs, J 2014, 'Indigenous knowledge and development', in V Desai & RB Potter (eds), The companion to development studies, Routledge, New York, USA, pp. 333 - 6.

Chilisa, B 2012, Indigenous research methodologies, Sage Publications, Los Angeles.

Clapp, J & Dauvergne, P 2005, Paths to a Green World: The Political Economy of the Environment, Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Hemming, S & Rigney, D 2008, 'Unsettling sustainability: Ngarrindjeri political literacies, strategies of engagement and transformation', Continuum, vol. 22, no. 6, pp. 757-75.

—— 2010, 'Decentring the new protectors: transforming Aboriginal heritage in South Australia', International Journal of Heritage Studies, vol. 16, no. 1-2, pp. 90-106.

Hidayatullah, M 2008, 'Rehabilitasi lahan dan hutan di Nusa Tenggara Timur', Kupang.

Kovach, ME 2010, Indigenous methodologies: Characteristics, conversations, and contexts, University of Toronto Press.

Manafe, YD 2014, Komunikasi ritual pada pertanian Atoni Pah Meto, Univesitas Nusa Cendana, Kupang.

McWilliam, A 2001, 'Prospects for the sacred grove: Valuing lulic forests on Timor', The Asia Pacific Journal of Anthropology, vol. 2, no. 2, pp. 89-113.

—— 2005, 'Haumeni, not many: renewed plunder and mismanagement in the Timorese sandalwood industry', Modern Asian Studies, vol. 39, no. 2, pp. 285-320.

—— 2009, 'Trunk and tip in West Timor: precedence in a botanical idiom', Precedence: social differentiation in the Austronesian world, p. 111.

Meitzner Yoder, LS 2007a, 'Hybridising justice: state-customary interactions over forest crime and punishment in Oecusse, East Timor', The Asia Pacific Journal of Anthropology, vol. 8, no. 1, pp. 43-57.

Meitzner Yoder, LS 2007b, 'The tobe and tara bandu: a post-independence renaissance of forest regulation authorities and practices in Oecusse, East Timor', in R Ellen (ed.), Modern crises and traditional strategies: local ecological knowledge in island Southeast Asia. New York: Berghahn, pp. 220-37.

Meitzner Yoder, LS 2011, 'Political ecologies of wood and wax: Sandalwood and beeswax as symbols and shapers of customary authority in the Oecusse enclave, Timor', Journal of Political Ecology, vol. 18, pp. 11-24.

Metzner, JK 2017, 'Man and Environment in Eastern Timor: a geological analysis of Baucau - Viqueque Areas as a possible basis for regional planning', vol. 8.

Miyazawa, N 2013a, 'Customary law and community-based natural resource management in post-conflict Timor-Leste', in J Unruh & R Williams, C (eds), Land and post-conflic peacebuilding, Earthscan, London, pp. 511-32.

—— 2013b, 'Customary law and community-based natural resource management in post-conflict Timor-Leste', Land and Post-Conflict Peacebuilding.

Moreton-Robinson, A 2013, 'Towards an Australian Indigenous Women's Standpoint Theory', Australian Feminist Studies, vol. 28, no. 78, pp. 331-47.

Nordholt, HS 1971, The Political System of the Atoni of Timor, First edn, Springer, Amsterdam.

Openg, K & Thomas, V 2015, 'Mamar sebagai kearifan ekologi masyarakat adat Atoin Meto dalam kaitan pelestarian sumber daya air di desa Femnasi, Timor Tengah Utara', HUMANIS, vol. 36, no. 1.

Smith, LT 2012, Decolonizing methodologies: Research and indigenous peoples, Second edn, Zed books, London, UK.

Sunderlin, WD & Resosudarmo, IAP 1997, Laju dan penyebab deforestasi di Indonesia: penelaahan kerancuan dan penyelesaiannya, CIFOR, Bogor, Indonesia.

Taum, YY 2008, Tradisi fua pah: Ritus dan mitos agraris masyarakat Dawan di Timor, Universitas Sanata Darma, Yogyakarta.

Warren, DM 1991, 'The role of indigenous knowledge in facilitating the agricultural extension process', in international workshop on agricultural knowledge systems and the role of extension. Bad Boll, Germany, pp. 21-4.

Warren, DM & Cashman, K 1988, Indigenous knowledge for sustainable agriculture and rural development, International Institute for Environment and Development, Sustainable Agriculture Programme.

Yoder, LSM 2005, 'Custom, codification, collaboration: Integrating the legacies of land and forest authorities in Oecusse Enclave, East Timor', PhD thesis, Yale University.

Published
2019-10-01