A study on the transformation and succession of a historical environment a case study in Cakranegara, Indonesia

Main Article Content

Hideo Shiraishi
Yoshihisa Wakita
Mitsuru Sasatani
Yasushi Takeuchi
Norio Maki
Yui Matsumoto

Abstract

This study sought to clarify the transformation and succession of the historical environment of Cakranegara, a historical Indonesian city based on the following viewpoints: 1) transformation of building lots and their uses; 2) utilization of space on the streets; and 3) proposing appropriate indices to evaluate the historical environment of Cakranegara. The major findings were: 1) the transformation of the spatial structure of the city can be evaluated by analyzing the relationship between the change of building lots and their uses. The tendency of splitting or consolidating lots varies depending on land use type and location; however, almost half of the building lots have retained their original size; 2) the utilization of public space in Cakranegara can be analyzed and evaluated using seven categories of objects, three time scales, three types of ownership, and five categories of open space; 3) usage of Tagtagan, which is a space installed along both sides of a street, has transformed from a space for religious activities and planting trees to a space with multiple uses for daily living activities; and 4) public space is characterized by a dualistic spatial structure – space for commercial/transportation uses and space for residential uses – based on road hierarchies.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

How to Cite
Shiraishi, Hideo, Yoshihisa Wakita, Mitsuru Sasatani, Yasushi Takeuchi, Norio Maki, and Yui Matsumoto. 2023. “A Study on the Transformation and Succession of a Historical Environment a Case Study in Cakranegara, Indonesia”. ARTEKS : Jurnal Teknik Arsitektur 8 (2), 305-16. https://doi.org/10.30822/arteks.v8i2.2199.
Section
ARTICLES-RESEARCH

References

Bagoes, A, and P Wiryomartono. 1995. Seni Bangunan Dan Seni Binakota Di Indonesia, PT. Gramedia Utama Pustaka, Jakarta. Jakarta. https://www.academia.edu/3150749/_1995_Seni_Bangunan_dan_Seni_Binakota_di_Indonesia_PT._Gramedia_Utama_Pustaka_Jakarta.
Budihardjo, Eko. 1986. Architectural Conservation in Bali. Yogyakarta: Gadjah Mada University Press.
Funo, Shuji, Toshiaki Oji, S Hori, Tsutomu Sakamoto, Kiyonori Kanesaka, Koji Sato, Josef Prijotomo, and Sutrisno Murtiyoso. 1992. “City, Village and Dwelling in Lombok Island and Cosmology: Comparative Study on the Form of Islamic Cities, Villages and Dwellings and Its Constitutive Principle.” Housing Research Foundation Annual Report 19: 105–116. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.20803/jusokennen.19.0_105.
Funo, Shuji, Toshiaki Oji, Tsutomu Sakamoto, Kiyonori Kanesaka, Koji Sato, Nao Hori, Josef Prijotomo, Sutrisno Murtiyoso, Yoshinao Wakita, and Norio Maki. 1995. “City, Village and Dwelling in Lombok Island and Cosmology (2): Comparative Study on the Form of Islamic Cities, Villages and Dwellings and Its Constitutive Principle.” Housing Research Foundation Annual Report 21: 97–113. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.20803/jusokennen.21.0_97.
Funo, Shuji, Yoshihisa Wakita, Akihito Aoi, and Norio Maki. 1997. “Street’s Pattern and Block System of Cakranegara CITY, Lombok, Indonesia: Space Formation of Cakaranegara, Part 1.” Journal of Architecture and Planning (Transactions of AIJ) 62 (491): 135–39. https://doi.org/10.3130/aija.62.135_1.
Funo, Shuji, Norio Maki, Yoshihisa Wakita, Akihito Aoi, and Naohiko Yamamoto. 1998a. “Ritual Facilities and Community Organization of Cakranegara City, Lombok, Indonesia: Space Formation of Cakranegara Part 2.” Journal of Architecture and Planning (Transactions of AIJ) 503: 151–56. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.3130/aija.63.151_1.
Funo, Shuji, Norio Maki, Yoshihisa Wakita, Naohiko Yamamoto, and Akihito Aoi. 1998b. “Characteristics of Habitat Segregation in Cakranegara City, Lombok, Indonesia: Space Formation of Cakranegara Part 3.” Journal of Architecture and Planning (Transactions of AIJ) 63 (510): 185–90. https://doi.org/10.3130/aija.63.185_4.
Funo, Shuji, Kyota Yamada, and Naohiko Yamamoto. 2005. “Comparative Considerations on the Urban Form of Batavia and Simon Stevin’s ‘ideal City’ Plan.” Journal of Architecture and Planning (Transactions of AIJ) 70 (592): 185–91. https://doi.org/10.3130/aija.70.185_2.
Ikaputra, I. 1995. The Pattern Evolution of Javanese Palace City in Islamic Era. Doctoral dissertation, Osaka University.
Mulyadi, Lalu. 2014. “Review on Main Characteristic of Historical City as an Urban Design Alternative: A Case Study in Cakranegara City, Indonesia.” International Review for Spatial Planning and Sustainable Development 2 (4): 30–43. https://doi.org/10.14246/irspsd.2.4_30.
Nakatani, Norihito. 2011. Severalness: Chain of Things and Urban, Architecture and Human. Kajima Publishing Co, Ltd, ISBN 9784306045521.
Rukayah, R. Siti, Shabrina Adine Vania, and Muhammad Abdullah. 2023. “Old Semarang City: The Sustainability of Traditional City Patterns in Java.” Journal of Asian Architecture and Building Engineering 22 (1): 68–83. https://doi.org/10.1080/13467581.2021.2024196.
Silas, J. 1989. Surabaya: The Fast-Growing City of Indonesia. Surabaya: Bappem KIP, Municipality of Surabaya.
Salija, Juswadi. 1975. Spatial Concept in Balinese Traditional Architecture, Its Possibilities for Further Development: A Descriptive Analysis. University of Hawaii at Manoa.
Wakita, Yoshihisa, Shuji Funo, Norio Maki, Akihito Aoi, and Naohiko Yamamoto. 1996. “Orientation of Holy Places and Settlements of the Balinese and the Sasak in Lombok Island, Indonesia.” Journal of Architecture and Planning (Transactions of AIJ) 61 (489): 97–102. https://doi.org/10.3130/aija.61.97_6.
Yamamoto, Naohiko, and Shuji Funo. 2002. “The Development and the Transformation Process of the Former Wallef Town of Surabaya, East Java, Indonesia.” Journal of Architecture and Planning (Transactions of AIJ) 67 (558): 235–41. https://doi.org/10.3130/aija.67.235_3.
Yamamoto, Naohiko, Shuji Funo, Kazuhiro Hirao, and Yoshihiko Kawabata. 2005. “The Urban Formation of Gianyar in Bali Island, Indonesia: Comparative Study on Hindu Principle of Urban Formation in Southeast Asia.” Journal of Architecture and Planning (Transactions of AIJ) 70 (592): 171–78. https://doi.org/10.3130/aija.70.171_2.