Akulturasi religi dalam arsitektur vernakular rumah Melayu Pontianak

Main Article Content

Muhammad Hidayat
Budi Prayitno
Dwita Hadi Ratmi

Abstract

Religious acculturation in vernacular architecture in the Pontianak Malay house


Since its founding, Pontianak has been a multicultural society which is, reflected by the embodiment of the acculturation of traditional house architecture found in the neighborhoods where the city was firstly established and still exist until today. The history this city shows, that multicultural has existed for a long time, as the result of cultural integration of certain ethnic groups in the early formation of the Pontianak sultanate. This research is intended to explore further, the religious acculturation that accompanies the embodiment of ethnic acculturation in the vernacular architecture of the Pontianak Malay house. In this city, Malay is an embodiment of inter-ethnic diaspora who share Islamic faith. This research is a qualitative-descriptive research with a case study approach that involve 30 selected samples. The analysis is based on the extent to which the strength of the religious system of each ethnicity involved in the process of acculturation, with reference to the history of the development of da'wah in Pontianak in particular and in West Kalimantan in general. The study uncovered that religious acculturation embodied in Pontianak Malay vernacular architecture represented the form of tolerance between Islamic religious groups of each ethnicity (acculturation-separative) and in the physical element of acculturation to show respects to the authority of the Bugeinese vernacular (integrative-assimilative acculturation). It is hoped that the results of this study will further enrich the main elements of the vernacular architecture of the Pontianak Malay house, and will further illustrate the richness of Pontianak Malay Culture.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

How to Cite
Hidayat, Muhammad, Budi Prayitno, and Dwita Hadi Ratmi. 2020. “Akulturasi Religi Dalam Arsitektur Vernakular Rumah Melayu Pontianak”. ARTEKS : Jurnal Teknik Arsitektur 5 (2), 277-86. https://doi.org/10.30822/arteks.v5i2.405.
Section
ARTICLES-RESEARCH
Author Biographies

Budi Prayitno, Department of Architecture and Planning, Faculty of Engineering, Univesitas Gadjah Mada

Professor of Architecture

Lecturer of Architecture, Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Scholar | Scopus | Sinta

Dwita Hadi Ratmi , Universitas Gadjah Mada

Lecturer of Architecture, Faculty of Engineering, Univesitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Indonesia

References

Adimihardja, Kusnaka, and Purnama Salura. 2004. Arsitektur Dalam Bingkai Kebudayaan. Edited by Anwar Holid. Bandung: Foris Publishing, CV. Architecture & Communication.
Alexandrin, E. R. 2010. ‘Cosmology and Architecture in Premodern Islam: An Architectural Reading of Mystical Ideas’. Comparative Studies of South Asia, Africa and the Middle East 30 (1): 153–55. https://doi.org/10.1215/1089201x-2009-064.
BAPPEDA Kota Pontianak. 2018. ‘Kondisi Geografis Dan Demografi Pemerintah Kota Pontianak’. Berita Kota Pontianak. 2018. http://bappeda.pontianakkota.go.id/berita/kondisi-geografis-dan-demografi-pemerintah-kota-pontianak-.
Berry, John W. 1997. ‘Immigration, Acculturation, and Adaptation’. Applied Psychology 46 (1): 5–34. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1464-0597.1997.tb01087.x.
Depari, Catharina Dwi Astuti. 2012. ‘Sebagai Produk Sinkretisme Budaya’. Jurnal Arsitektur KOMPOSISI 10 (1).
Hasanuddin, and Budi Kristanto. 2001. ‘Proses Terbentuknya Heterogenitas Etnis Di Pontianak Pada Abad Ke-19’. HUMANIORA 13 (1): 64–81. https://doi.org/ttps://doi.org/10.22146/jh.712.
Hidayat, Muhammad, Budi Prayitno, and Dwita Hadi Rahmi. 2020. ‘Mix Methods for Ethnic Acculturation Study on History of Architectural Elements: Vernacular Houses during Pontianak Sultanate’. ARSITEKTURA 18 (1): 94. https://doi.org/10.20961/arst.v18i1.40488.
Johansson, Rolf. 2003. ‘Case Study Methodology’. In Methodologies in Housing Research, 1–14. Stockholm: Royal Institute of Technology in cooperation with the International Association of People – Environment Studies. http://www.psyking.net/HTMLobj-3839/Case_Study_Methodology-_Rolf_Johansson_ver_2.pdf.
Koentjaraningrat. 1993. Manusia Dan Kebudayaan Di Indonesia. 14th ed. Jakarta: Djambatan.
Lalu, Efraim, and Bachtiar Fauzy. 2020. ‘Dominasi Ragam Akulturasi Lokal-Moderen Pada Bangunan Casablancka Residence, Bali’. ARTEKS : Jurnal Teknik Arsitektur 5 (1): 67–74. https://doi.org/10.30822/arteks.v5i1.187.
Naim, Ngainun. 2017. ‘Abdurrahman Wahid: Universalisme Islam Dan Toleransi’. KALAM 10 (2): 423. https://doi.org/10.24042/klm.v10i2.8.
Rahmadi. 2010. ‘Jaringan Intelektual Ulama Keturunan Syekh Muhammad Arsyad Al-Banjari’. Al-Banjari : Jurnal Ilmiah Ilmu-Ilmu Keislaman 9 (2). https://doi.org/10.18592/al-banjari.v9i2.927.
Salura, Purnama. 2012. ‘Sintesis Elemen Arsitektur Lokal Dengan Non Lokal, Studi Kasus: Gedung Sate Di Bandung, Gedung UPS Di Tegal’. Bandung.
Salura, Purnama, and Bachtiar Fauzy. 2012. ‘The Architectural Adaptation of Javanese Ethnic Houses to the Architectural Influence of Arab Ethnic Houses in Gresik’. Journal of Applied Environmental and Biological Sciences.
———. 2013. ‘Sintesis Elemen Arsitektur Lokal Dengan Non Lokal’. Bandung.
Salura, Purnama, and Fecianti. 2015. ‘The Synthesis of Diagram Method and Local Approach in Architectural Design’. International Journal of Academic Research 7 (3). https://doi.org/10.7813/2075-4124.2015/7-3.
Sukada, Nabila, and Purnama Salura. 2020. ‘Basic Architectural Expression of a Cultural Center, Study Object: Volkstheater Sobokartti in Semarang, Indonesia’. ARTEKS : Jurnal Teknik Arsitektur 5 (1): 11–20. https://doi.org/10.30822/arteks.v5i1.76.
Sutrisno, Slamet. 1990. ‘Unsur-Unsur Kebudayaan Sebagai Faktor Integritas Masyarakat Di Daerah Transmigrasi’. Jurnal Filsafat 1 (1): 27–42. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.22146/jf.30992.
Wati, Arena. 1989. Syair Pangeran Syarif. Malaysia: Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia.
Wiranto. 1999. ‘ARSITEKTUR VERNAKULAR INDONESIA Perannya Dalam Pengembangan Jati Diri’. DIMENSI (Jurnal Teknik Arsitektur) 27 (2). https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.9744/dimensi.27.2.